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  • Fracking Bohos—more evidence

    Don Eichelberger, Bohemian Grove Action Network Research Collective

    We are always vigilant, looking for lessons on what we believe is the pivotal role played by the Bohemian Club and its annual party at the Grove encampment: to keep the controlling shares of the world’s economic and political wealth in the hands of a group of men able to fit easily in to its outdoor dining circle. Here is another exhibit. Can mere proximity breed conspiracy? You decide.

    A recent issue of the journal Environmental Health Perspective reports that since hydraulic fracturing (fracking) began in Pennsylvania around 2005, “the same areas of the state as the fracking operations generally showed higher readings of radon” (Washington Post, 4/9/15). Radon is a colorless, odorless gas, known to be carcinogenic that exists naturally in hard rock formations just like many being fracked to get at their natural gas. The study was quickly rebuked by the non-profit Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA) through their front group, Energy in Depth.

    A follow-up report by the watchdog group PR Watch looked at IPAA’s supporters and turned up some interesting bedfellows from Bohemia. Of the eleven corporate sponsors of IPAA named in the article, five of them had seven Bohemian connections, among them an Iraqi Oil Ministry advisor and a notorious set of brothers, can you guess who? Supporters of IPAA connected to Bohemian Club membership include Shell Oil, Chevron, XTO Energy, Halliburton and, yes, Koch Industries.

    First is one of the largest fracking companies in the country, XTO Energy. A subsidiary of ExxonMobil they are a gas driller and developer in Texas with major developments in the Rockies and New England. William H. Adams III, Meyerling Camp, has been a director of XTO Energy since 2001. He is Executive Regional President of Texas Bank in Fort Worth and previously worked at Frost Bank in Texas as President of the South Arlington branch in charge of Commercial/Energy Lending. His banking experience has been centered primarily in the oil and gas industry with significant experience in risk management (Equilar, Bloomberg).

    Another Bohemian oil insider is Philip J. Carroll, Jr., Wild Oats camp. He has been CEO of Shell Oil, Fluor Corp., BAE Systems and is an American Petroleum Institute Lifetime Member. Mr. Carroll joined Shell as a petroleum engineer and over 37 years worked his way to the top. He participated in meetings in 2002-2003 where US State Department and former oil executives planned for Iraq’s post-invasion oil industry. He served two years at the pleasure of fellow Bohemian, George W. Bush, as the first Senior Advisor to the Iraqi Ministry of Oil at the United States Department of Defense starting in 2003 (Harper’s, 4/2005).

    Chevron Corp is also a big player in fracking, boasts four Bohemians, starting with the many connections of Samuel Armacost. Armacost has held lead positions for Chevron Corporation, BankAmerica Corporation Merrill Lynch Capital Markets, and Weiss, Peck & Greer L.L.C.(corporate buy-outs). From 1998 to 2010 he was the chairman of SRI International, formerly Stanford Research Institute, an independent research, technology development and commercialization organization, a member of the board of directors since 1981 (Bloomberg).

    In 2009 Armacost was sued by a coalition of Amazon groups for conflict of interest after it was revealed that while heading Chevron, he was the majority shareholder in Exponent Inc., “a pro-industry scientific consulting firm that was paid by Chevron to perform the study of cancer rates in Ecuador’s Amazon region where Texaco (now Chevron) was the exclusive operator of an oil concession from 1964 to 1990” (Reuters). Chevron lost the suit and it is still under appeal (Huffington Post).

    Kenneth T. Derr, a member of the prestigious Mandalay camp, joined the Chevron Corporation in 1960 and served a number of executive positions, including President, until 1999. Derr also served until 2008 as the Chief Executive Officer of Calpine Corp, the largest natural gas fueled power producer in North America (calpine.com), and is or has been a director of AT&T Corp., Citigroup Inc., Citigroup Finance Canada Inc. and CitiCorp (Bloomberg Business).

    Derr served as Director of Halliburton Company, another fracking profiteer, from 2001 to May, 2009. Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Company, renamed Halliburton Company in 1961, patented a fracking process in 1949 that earned Halliburton an exclusive license for the process in Texas and Oklahoma (Montgomery, et al). Mr. Derr has been in a position to effectively promote the fracking technology during its recent spike, both as a producer and one of the largest gas consumers.

    Succeeding Derr in 2000 as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Chevron, then Chevron/Texaco after their 2001 merger was David O´Reilly also, conveniently, a Mandalay campmate.

    Before taking over as CEO, O’Reilly held a number of executive positions, culminating in Senior Vice-President and Chief Operating Officer of Chevron Chemical Company. He retired from Chevron end of 2009 (Bloomberg).

    Besides Bohemian Club, Derr and O’Reilly both serve as Directors of the American Petroleum Institute, and between them hold membership in some fourteen business associations, including The Business Council, The Business Roundtable, Council on Foreign Relations, Hoover Institution, Institute for International Economics, JPMorgan International Council, World Economic Forum’s International Business Council, and the Trilateral Commission.

    J. Dennis Bonney, a Caveman, “served Chevron Corporation in various capacities from 1960 to 1987, including Vice President with responsibilities for worldwide logistics and trading, international production, corporate planning, European refining and marketing, Indonesian oil exploration and production and diversified investments. Mr. Bonney retired from Chevron Corporation in 1995” (Bloomberg).

    The Koch brothers, Charles and David of Midway camp are major frackmasters. The brothers made their billions after inheriting a great deal from their industrialist father, who used his patented oil processing method to set up Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Union oil infrastructure. According to a recent family biography, Sons of Wichita by Daniel Schulman, Koch, Sr., struggled to make his sons “real men”, not pampered trust fund babies; favored the use of boxing to inflame his sons’ competitiveness.

    The brothers, led by second born Charles, increased their inherited wealth 2000 fold maximizing profits from drilling and refining oil and gas, tar-sands development, fracking, pipeline development, chemicals production, ranching, chemical fertilizer production, forest products, commodity speculations and oil derivatives.

    The Kochs have built a formidable empire of private oil, gas and chemical companies that help fund a network of right-wing think tanks, institutions of higher learning, political action committees, and non-profit front organizations to support their political take over (Schulman, Kochtopus).

    Fracking for dollars has skyrocketed since George W. Bush exempted it from the Safe Drinking Water Act in 2005 (EEC Environment). How Bohemian Club or other individual members also aided the growth of fracking, uncluttered by regulatory roadblocks is, of course, speculation. Ten years ago, fracking and tar sands development were mere gleams in the eyes of men like Chuck and Dave Koch, Bill Adams, Ken Derr or Sam Armacost. While sociologist Dr. G. William Domhoff wonders in his “Study of Ruling Class Cohesiveness” if “Texas oilmen and Wall Street bankers might well need a little fraternizing to come to trust each other”, he concludes that accusations of the Grove being used to seal deals are overblown (Domhoff).

    We can only surmise a cohesion among the ruling elite, already bonded in their pursuit of profit above all else, by the ever widening gap between haves and have-nots, and the plight of the natural world in the current epoch. Such a cohesive culture of rulers comes closest to being realized at Bohemian Grove’s annual secretive encampment. Sonoma State University Sociology professor, Dr. Peter Phillips concludes in his 1995 doctoral dissertation, “A Relative Advantage: Sociology of the San Francisco Bohemian Club” that, while general parameters of major policy “can and have evolved”, the process is not deliberate, but “occurs through normal social intercourse”.

    The upper class in this country can, in other words, build general consensus around important public policies as an incidental consequence of spending time together. The richest patriarchs get to get drunk and play together, off-the-record, year after year for over 100 years for two weeks in cabins and tents, around the campfires, beneath the redwood grove’s protective canopy. At minimum, it is hard to believe more calls don’t get returned once outside. And among men of this power and wealth, a phone call returned by someone who can help solve a problem is gold.

    Sources:

    Bloomberg Business bio of J. Dennis Bonney, 5/5/15 http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=783513&ticker=CBI&previousCapId=330169&previousTitle=Alumax%252C%2520Inc.

    Bloomberg Business bio of Kenneth Derr. Web. 5/5/15
    http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=615679&ticker=CVX

    Bloomberg Business bio of Philip J. Carroll, Jr. Web. 5/5/15
    http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/people/person.asp?personId=655668&ticker=VMC

    Bloomberg Business, Weiss, Peck and Greer LLP. Website. 5/5/15
    http://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=23883

    Domhoff, G. William, The Bohemian Grove and other retreats—a Study of Ruling-class Cohesiveness. Harper and Rowe Publishers. New York. Print. 1974.

    Domhoff, G. William, “Who Rules America?” Website. 5/5/15
    http://www2.ucsc.edu/whorulesamerica/power/bohemian_grove.html

    EEC Environment, history of fracking. Web. 5/18/15
    http://eecworld.com/services/258-a-brief-history-of-hydraulic-fracturing

    Energy In Depth radon critique, 5/5/15.
    http://energyindepth.org/marcellus/four-key-facts-about-a-new-radon-study/

    Equilar Atlas, William H. Adams III bio. Website. 5/11/15. http://people.equilar.com/bio/william-adams-xto-energy/salary/47126#.VVFxmpOTVX8

    Forbes Magazine, “(Armacost) Breaking Up a Great Bank”. Web. 5/11/15 http://archive.fortune.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/1988/06/06/70620/index.htm

    History Commons, Iraq post invasion oil ministry. Web. 5/11/15
    http://www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=complete_timeline_of_the_2003_invasion_of_iraq_3257

    Huffington Post, Chevron vs. Ecuador Lawsuit. Web. 5/8/15
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/chevron-ecuador-lawsuit/

    Kochtopus, http://kochcash.org/the-kochtopus/. Web. 4/25/15

    Montgomery, Carl T.; Smith, Michael B. (December 2010). “Hydraulic fracturing. History of an enduring technology” (PDF). JPT Online (Society of Petroleum Engineers): 26–41. Web. 5/11/15

    Phillips, Peter, “A Relative Advantage—Sociology of the San Francisco Bohemian Club”. http://library.sonoma.edu/specialcollections/bohemianclub/. Web. 5/25/15

    PR Watch EID critique, 5/5/15
    http://www.prwatch.org/news/2012/12/11921/%E2%80%9Cenergy-depth%E2%80%9D-%E2%80%93-reporters%E2%80%99-guide-its-founding-funding-and-flacks

    Reuters, “Amazon Defense Coalition: Chevron Board Member Armacost Tied to Conflict of Interest over Cancer Study in Ecuador`s Amazon”. 5/19/09. Web. 5/5/15
    http://www.reuters.com/article/2009/05/19/idUS177778+19-May-2009+BW20090519

    Schulman, Daniel, Sons if Wichita. Grand Central Publishing. New York. 2014. Print

    Washington Post, “Rise of Deadly Radon Gas in Pennsylvania”, 4/9/15. Web
    http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2015/04/09/rise-of-deadly-radon-gas-in-pennsylvania-buildings-linked-to-fracking-industry/

    XTO Energy. Web. 5/6/15
    http://www.xtoenergy.com/index.html


  • Mandalay Camp

    Mandalay Camp as of 2004

    Capt: Charles B Johnson – Charles Bartlett Johnson, born 1933, is an American businessman. With an estimated current net worth of around $4.3 billion, he is ranked by Forbes as the 147th-richest person in the world (2006).

    His brother Rupert Johnson, Jr., Johnson serves as chairman of Franklin Resources, a mutual fund company started by Rupert Sr. in 1947

    John F Akers – Born: 28-Dec-1934 Retired Chairman of International Business Machines Corporation
    Mr. Akers, a private investor, is the retired chairman of the Board of Directors of International Business Machines CorporationIBM CEO (1986-93)
    Member of the Board of Lehman Brothers (1996-)
    Member of the Board of Hallmark
    Member of the Board of WR Grace & Co.
    Member of the Board of Pepsi (1991-?)
    Member of the Board of IBM (as Chairman, 1986-93)
    Member of the Board of The New York Times Company
    Bush-Cheney ’04 .Yale University (1956)

    Michael H Armacost – is a fellow at Stanford University’s Institute for International Studies. He previously was the president of the Brookings Institution from 1995-2002. In January 1977 Armacost was selected as a member of the National Security Council to handle East Asian and Chinese affairs under the Carter administration until July 1978, when he was replaced by Nicholas Platt. Years later he was appointed as the U.S. Ambassador to Japan from 1989-1993, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs from 1984-1989, and Ambassador to the Philippines from 1982-1984. He also served as Acting Secretary of State from January 20-January 25, 1989. He was awarded the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun in 2007.
    Samuel H Armacost – (born in 1940) has been the chairman of SRI International, formerly Stanford Research Institute, an independent research, technology development and commercialization organization, since 1998. He has also been the lead director of Chevron Corporation since 1982. # Managing director of Merrill Lynch Capital Markets from 1987 until 1990. President, director and chief executive officer of BankAmerica Corporation from 1981 until 1986.

    Harris J Ashton- General Host Corp, owns and operates Frank’s Nursery & Crafts, Inc., a chain of specialty retail stores that sell craft and Christmas supplies as well as lawn and garden products. 7200 employees 568 M sales.

    H. B. Atwater- Darden Restarants. Former CEO General Mills .Darden Restaurants, Inc. (NYSE: DRI) is a multi-brand restaurant operator. The firm owns several casual dining restaurant chains, most notably Red Lobster and Olive Garden. Darden owns and operates more than 1,700 restaurant locations throughout North America and has more than 157,000 employees.

    Robert D Ballard- born June 30, 1942 in Wichita, Kansas) is an oceanographer most noted for his work in underwater archaeology. He is most famous for the discoveries of the wrecks of the RMS Titanic in 1985, the battleship Bismarck in 1989, and the wreck of the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown in 1998. Most recently he discovered the wreck of John F. Kennedy’s PT-109 in 2003 and visited the Solomon Islander natives who saved its crew. Ballard is also great-grandson of American Old West lawman Bat Masterson

    Donald R Beall- Retired from Rockwell in 1998 after a 30-year career. He served as President of the company for 10 years and then served as Chairman/CEO for the next 10 years. Mr. Beall serves as a director on the boards of Rockwell Collins, Conexant Systems, Mindspeed Technologies, and CT Realty. He is a former director of Jazz Semiconductors, Skyworks Solutions, Proctor and Gamble, Amoco, Rockwell, and Times Mirror. He is an overseer of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University and has received many honors including the Horatio Alger award.

    Riley P. Bechtel -(CBE) is the chairman and CEO of the Bechtel Corporation. He is the great-grandson of Warren A. Bechtel, the founder of the company. His father is Stephen Bechtel, Jr., the former chairman and CEO of the company. With a net worth of over $2.5 billion, Riley Bechtel is consistently ranked in the top 200 richest people in the U.S. and the top 500 richest people in the world by Forbes Magazine. Mr. Bechtel is a director of the following companies:
    * The International Council of J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. (since 1995)
    * The Fremont Group (owned by the Bechtel corporation)
    * Sequoia Ventures, Inc. (limited partner of Bechtel corporation)
    He is also a member of the Trilateral Commission.

    Stephen D. Bechtel, Jr. – (born 1925) is, with his son Riley, co-owner of the Bechtel Corporation. He is the son of Stephen David Bechtel, Sr. and grandson of Warren A. Bechtel who founded the Bechtel Corporation.

    http://www.bechtel.com/BAC-Stephen-D-Bechtel-Jr.html

    Charles A. Black (March 6, 1919 – August 4, 2005) was a California businessman known for aquaculture and oceanography, and for his marriage to Shirley Temple Black.
    Nicholas Frederick Brady – (born April 11, 1930, in New York City) was United States Secretary of the Treasury under Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush. He joined Dillon, Read & Co. in New York City in 1954, rising to Chairman of the Board. He has been a Director of the NCR Corporation, the MITRE Corporation, and the H.J. Heinz Company,

    James T Curry Jr.- Business and management experience includes a 30-year career with Utah Construction and Mining Co., which later merged into General Electric and was subsequently sold to BHP. Member Board of Directors SRI

    Kenneth T. Derr is a member of the board of directors of the Halliburton Company. He is a Retired Chairman of the Board, Chevron Corporation (international oil company). He served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Chevron Corporation, 1989-1999. Derr is also a Chairman of the Board of Calpine Corporation and a director of Citigroup Inc. and Potlatch Corporation. He is also on the Council on Foreign Relations.

    William T. Esrey (born 1940 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), is an American businessman, best known for his time as Chief Executive of Sprint Corporation.

    James H. Evans, former chairman of the Union Pacific Corporation and a director of AT&T

    John Flanigan – relative of Peter Flanigan Peter M Flanigan -Assistant to Nixon; Dillon, Read, & Co.; UBS Warburg; SMOM; CFR.

    Samuel L. Ginn (born April, 1937), Ginn was elected a director of Chevron Corporation in 1989. He is a private investor and retired chairman of the board of Vodafone AirTouch, PLC. Previously, he was chairman of the board and chief executive officer of AirTouch Communications, Inc., from 1993 to 1999 and chairman of the board and chief executive officer of Pacific Telesis Group from 1988 to 1994. He currently is a director of ICO Global Communications (Holdings) Limited, The Business Council, the Yosemite Fund, Templeton Emerging Markets Investment Trust PLC and the Hoover Institute Board of Overseers.

    Phillip M Hawley – Retired Chairman and CEO of Carter Hawley Hale Stores Inc. from 1983 to 1992. Also a director of American Telephone & Telegraph [1981 NCSH corporate villain], Atlantic Richfield Co., BankAmerica Corp., and Weyerhaeuser Co. Hawley was a director of Atlantic Richfield Co. from 1976 to 1997. Hanna Holborn Gray, longtime director of Cummins Engine Company, was a fellow director from 1982 to 1998.

    Edgar F. Kaiser, Jr is a Canadian financier and a former owner of the Denver Broncos American football team.[1] He is the grandson of shipbuilding industrialist Henry J. Kaiser.

    Henry Alfred Kissinger (born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923) is a German-born American bureaucrat, diplomat, and 1973 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. He served as National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State in the Richard Nixon administration.

    Andrew Stephen Bower Knight (born 1 November 1939 in England) is a journalist, editor, and media baron.
    Member of the Board of News Corporation (1991- Present) Director of Rothschild family Investment Trust

    Andrew Lindsay Lewis, Jr. was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on November 3, 1931. He is widely known as Drew Lewis.Secretary of Transportation, where he served from 1981 to 1983, a tenure that included the air traffic controllers strike. n October 1986, he became President and Chief Operating Officer of the parent Union Pacific Corporation. Since then he has been on the boards of American Express, Ford Motor Co., and SmithKline Beecham.

    Vernon R Loucks Jr – Senior Fellow of the Yale Corporation and is currently a director of Affymetrix, Inc., Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc., Edwards Lifesciences Corp., Emerson Electric Co., Pain Therapeutics, Inc. and Segway LLC. Mr. Loucks holds a bachelor’s degree in history from Yale University,

    James Patrick Mc Gillen-
    Ruben F. Mettler, a former chief executive of the aerospace company TRW and a leader in the development of America’s ballistic missile program, died at his home in Los Angeles on May 23. He was 82.

    Edwin H. Morgens has been a Director of TransMontaigne Inc. since June 1996.
    Mr. Morgens has been Chairman of Morgens, Waterfall, Vintiadis & Company, Inc.,
    an investment management firm, since 1970. In addition, Mr. Morgens serves as a
    Director of Programmer’s Paradise, Inc. Trustee American Museum of Natural History

    Richard M Morrow- San Diego Gas and Electric Company
    David Campbell Mulford (born June 1937) is the current United States Ambassador to India. He took office on January 23, 2004. From 1974 to 1984, Ambassador Mulford was also Managing Director and head of International Finance at White, Weld & Co., Inc., and a senior investment advisor to the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency.
    David J. O’Reilly (born January 1947 in Dublin, Ireland) is the chairman and CEO of Chevron Corporation

    Colin Luther Powell, KCB (Honorary), MSC (April 5, 1937) is an American statesman and retired General in the United States Army. He was the 65th United States Secretary of State (2001-2005), serving under President George W. Bush. He was the first African American appointed to that position.[1][2][3][4] As a General in the United States Army, Powell also served as National Security Advisor (1987–1989) and as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1989–1993), holding the latter position during the Gulf War. He was the first and so far only African American to serve on the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

    Carl E Reichardt Born: c. 1934
    CEO of Wells Fargo Bank, 1983-94
    University: BA Economics, University of Southern California (1956)
    Administrator: Trustee, University of San Francisco (1982-86)
    Administrator: Trustee, University of Southern California
    Ford Motors Vice Chairman (2001-03)
    Wells Fargo Bank CEO (1983-94)
    Wells Fargo Bank President (1978-83)
    Wells Fargo Bank COO (1981-83)
    Wells Fargo Bank (1970-81)
    Member of the Board of ConAgra (1993-)
    Member of the Board of Ford Motors (1986-2006)
    Member of the Board of HCA (1994-2003)
    Member of the Board of HSBC Holdings plc
    Member of the Board of McKesson (1996-2003)
    Member of the Board of Newhall Management Corporation
    Member of the Board of PG&E (1985-2002-)
    Member of the Board of Wells Fargo Bank (as Chairman, 1983-94)
    Bohemian Grove
    Bush-Cheney 2000
    George W. Bush for President
    Risk Management Association Board of Directors http://www.nndb.com/people/139/000128752/

    Steven B Sample- President University Southern California

    George Pratt Shultz (born December 13, 1920) served as the United States Secretary of Labor from 1969 to 1970, as the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury from 1972 to 1974, and as the U.S. Secretary of State from 1982 to 1989. Originally an economist, he has also served as a university professor and a business executive.

    Paul M Wythes-Sutter Hill Ventures Founding Partner